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Cocaine and Crack Addiction

Cocaine is classified as a stimulant. Formed into a white powder or small, hard pieces cocaine is referred to as blow, nose candy, coke and toot. Ingesting methods range from snorting, smoking and freebasing to injecting it into muscles or veins. It can also be mixed into a cigarette or marijuana joint.

Drug dealers mix (cut) it with other substances (filler) to create more of the drug to sell and therefore considerably boost their profits. What’s dangerous about the filler is that it makes an unknown out of how much drug the purchaser is receiving. Plus, filler can cause unpleasant side effects combined with a drug that is already unsafe.

Crack Cocaine

Crack looks like small pieces of soap but it has a flinty, sharp texture. Designed to be smoked, crack races to the brain. The dose is also more concentrated than the powder version of cocaine. The effect is usually in intense rush accompanying a high that does not last very long.
And when the rush subsides, the user craves the drug all the more.

The Dangers of Cocaine and Crack

Cocaine and crack are considered dangerous because they can result in a sudden heart attack and/or death. Other by-products of using these drugs include loss of sexual appetite, quick addiction, irregular heartbeat, depression, stroke and violent behavior.  Often, the person who is addicted will do anything to obtain more of the drug. The procuring of the drug becomes the sole purpose for living. In fact, the drug might have to be taken just for the addict to feel normal. They can easily spend tens of thousands of dollars on the habit. Friends and family fall off of the radar because of this.

Chemical Changes in the Brain

The drug acts insidiously on the brain. It affects the chemicals that control happiness and creates an intense craving for the drug. It accounts for the extremely pleasurable high when using as well as the depression when the user ceases to take the drug.

Depression might be relieved through other methods but it’s harder to break the spell of anhedonia. This is a state of withdrawal where the user cannot experience pleasure in a normal way. Anhedonia can last for years and in fact, may even steer the user back to the drug.

Signs of Addiction

Signs of addiction to cocaine or crack include:

• Weight loss
• Runny nose
• Bouts of significant depression
• A neglect of personal appearance or hygiene
• Loss of interest in social and sex life
• Becoming paranoid and having hallucinations
• Upper respiratory infections
• Being anxious and impatient all the time

An addiction to cocaine or crack can be extremely difficult to deal with on your own. At Recovery First, we have the right program to help you fight it. Call the number at the top of the screen now or fill out the insurance verification form that appears to the right on every page if you need help with cocaine or crack addiction. Your new life could literally be just a click or call away, so don’t wait any longer.

About The Contributor
The editorial staff of Recovery First is comprised of addiction content experts from American Addiction Centers. Our editors and medical reviewers have over a decade of cumulative experience in medical content editing and have reviewed thousands... Read More